Problems conceiving a child? Baby is slow to show the tip of his nose? You inevitably ask yourself this famous question: am I infertile? Often the cause is psychological. Scheduling intercourse, calculating the ovulation cycle is like putting pressure on yourself. This is not necessarily useful when you want to get pregnant.

Sterile or infertile, what are the limits?

Infertility is the difficulty in conceiving or procreating, while infertility is the inability to achieve pregnancy naturally. It can be seen in a couple who have never had children, but also in a couple who have already had at least one child and who cannot have another. It is not because a couple cannot have a pregnancy after 2 years that this couple is sterile. On the other hand, the longer the delay before achieving a pregnancy, the more likely it is that there is a cause at the origin of the infertility, which could be managed by techniques of medical aid to the procreation (> Read also our article AMP: what intra-marital treatments to support your desire for a child?). You can visit this site and have all the information present right here.

Pregnancy achieved after 7 months on average

Only a quarter of couples achieve pregnancy in the first month, so it is normal for pregnancy not to occur in the first cycle. On average, couples take 7 months to become pregnant. But it can be shorter, or longer, without necessarily indicating an abnormality. It is estimated that 90% of couples achieve pregnancy within one year and 97% within 2 years .

The mother’s age, an index of fertility

The main determinant of fertility is the age of the mother . At the age of 30, a woman wishing to have a child has a 75% chance of achieving it after one year, but only 66% at 35 and 44% at 40 (> Also discover our article pregnancy after 40 years, is this reasonable? ). Thus, one can advise to consult a doctor in order to make a complementary assessment, after a year or two, according to the age, the general state of health, or a particular antecedent as by example a sexually transmitted infection .

The right time for medical examinations

Consulting too early exposes the possibility of potentially unnecessary, sometimes unpleasant and invasive medical examinations. On the other hand, consulting too late can delay the achievement of a pregnancy, especially since the chances of success of assisted reproduction techniques also decrease with age .

Different causes depending on the sex of the person

The causes are multiple, concern women as well as men, and can sometimes be associated with each other.

In women:

There are mechanical causes:

  • a malformation of the uterus
  • the existence of a polyp or a fibroid that can interfere with the uptake of the egg by the tube or the implantation of the egg in the uterus
  • an obliteration of the fallopian tubes , usually following a sexually transmitted infection
  • an ovarian cyst
  • an endometriosis , which corresponds to the abnormal location of the uterine lining and can deteriorate the genital tract.
  • of operation disorders of the ovaries and hormonal disorders .

In humans:

On the male side, the quantitative and qualitative abnormalities of the spermatozoa present in the semen are in the foreground.