Introduction

Brain cancer is a medical condition that arises due to the abnormal multiplication of cells within the brain. Further on, these cells take the form of masses or tumors.  Unfortunately, malignant or cancerous brain tumors grow at a rapid rate. This accumulation starts disrupting the body mechanism and can have life-threatening consequences. Let’s understand the primary symptoms and causes of the brain tumor.

Identifying the Symptoms of Brain Tumour!

The symptoms and signs of brain cancer entirely depend upon its location and size of the tumor. Many other regular health problems also share similar traits, so you need not panic about identifying some signs. Consulting the doctor will be a good idea before reaching any conclusion.

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Lack of body balance
  • Lack of coordination
  • Morning headaches
  • Vision issues
  • Muscle jerking
  • Speech problems
  • Difficulty in analyzing things
  • Memory lapses
  • Difficulty in walking
  • Muscle twitching
  • Seizures
  • Drowsiness
  • Changes in personality
  • Syncope or passing out
  • Numbness in legs or arms

What are the Causes of Brain Cancer?

Unfortunately, medical science has not been successful in identifying the exact cause of brain cancer. But here are some reasons of brain tumor.

  • Family History – It is revealed that over 5% of cases of brain cancer are genetically transferred. If you are also among them, you can be prone to this disease. Though this number is quite low, if you have a family history of this disease, make sure you go for regular screening.
  • Exposure to Radiation – Ionizing radiation is believed to have some hazardous effects on the brain cells. If you have been exposed to this type of radiation, you have an increased chance of developing brain tumors. What is ionizing radiation? Well, it is a type of radiation therapy given to treat cancer. The type of radiation released from atomic bombs also comes under this category.
  • Age – The risk of developing brain cancer increases with age! People above 65 years of age are quite vulnerable to this disease. Apart from this, the location of tumors and cell type also determine the risk of developing brain cancer. Gliomas are more common in adults. Craniopharyngiomas and meningioma are more common in senior citizens! But, this condition can develop at any age.
  • Chemical Exposures – Did you know that certain hazardous chemicals found in water bodies and factories can lead to brain cancer? However, this is a sure shot factor that can develop brain tumors, but possibilities are high in this case. Drug manufacturing, oil refining, and rubber manufacturing industries are the most hazardous ones in this list.
  • Gender – Does gender play a role in brain cancer? Women are more vulnerable to meningioma then men, and diseases like medulloblastoma are more common in males.
  • Weak Immune System – It has been found that people with compromised immune systems are more prone to developing lymphomas in later stages of their lives. Such people need to maintain their immunity by eating the right kind of food.
  • Chicken Pox – According to the latest medical research reports, patients who have a medical history of chickenpox, either in childhood or later stages, are comparatively safer from this disease. 

How is Brain Tumours Diagnosed?

The detailed diagnosis process will start with an analysis of your medical history and medical examination. An in-depth neurological analysis will also be conducted to check the latest status of the cranial nerves. These nerves initiate from the brain. The doctors will also undertake complete skull examination, eye examination, and muscle strength, ability to do calculations, body coordination, and memory. Some of the necessary tests are:

  • MRI of brain
  • CT scan of the brain
  • Angiography
  • X-ray of skull
  • Biopsy

What are the possible Treatment Options?

You see, the treatment of this disease entirely depends upon the location of the tumor, size of cancer, type of tumor, and your existing medical health condition. Doctors usually suggest surgery for secondary or malignant tumors. But, the doctors might reconsider their decision if the tumors are scattered at different sections of the brain. Apart from this, the location of tumors in sensitive areas of the brain also makes the surgery quite risky.

The mention of brain cancer is enough to scare and demotivate a person. You must understand that this is not the end of the world. Many people have successfully recovered from this disease and are now leading a healthy life. Maintain a positive attitude throughout the process. You can get back to your healthy life within 6-8 weeks. Don’t forget your regular medical screenings to keep a check on your condition.

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